5 Things About Kidney stones you must know

5 Things About Kidney stones you must know

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It may sound rather surprising but when certain substances and fluids in the body are not in balance, it can lead to the formation of a kidney stone. Problems in the urinary tract can lead to the formation of stones. The formation of kidney stones often leads to many cases of emergency. For  a correct diagnosis, it is recommended that you visit a urologist. For those who have discovered that they have a stone, kidney stone removal through medication or surgical methods is recommended.

Kidney stones-who is at risk?

The condition may be found in any person but people who fall in the following category are more susceptible –

  1. People who have has a kidney stone before-they have a 50 % chance of developing it again after 5-7 years.
  2. Men tend to have the occurrence of stones more
  3. Non-Hispanic white people also tend to have kidney stones
  4. Overweight people also have higher chances of developing stones.

Formation of the stone 

If the substances like sodium and animal protein get highly concentrated in your urine, then it may lead to the formation of stones. Not drinking enough water can lead to the formation of the stone. The size of the stone varies from the size of a pea pod to a pearl or a golf ball in extreme cases. While the smaller stones can pass through the body with the urine, the larger ones have to be treated with the help of a doctor. Early treatment of the stone is necessary as the stones can get stuck in the urinary tract and cause pain and blockage of urine. It can also lead to bleeding from the tract.

Signs of a kidney stone 

Watch out for the following signs which can help indicate the presence of a kidney stone –

  1. Burning sensation while urinating
  2. Urine which is cloudy or smelly
  3. Pain in the back and the side which refuses to go away
  4. Nausea
  5. Chills and fever
  6. Moving blood from the urine.

Diagnosis of a kidney stone

Your health care professional may use the following methods to diagnose a kidney stone –

  • Abdominal X-ray
  • Blood test
  • Urinalysis
  • CT scan

Treatment 

The following methods are used for treating a kidney stone –

  • Passing shock waves to break the stones
  • Use surgery
  • Extract the stone using a tool with a camera which is routed through the urethra. Sometimes laser can be used to break upon the stones using the same path.
  • The treatment procedure depends on the size and the material of the stone.

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