Bladder Cancer And Risk Factors That Associates With It

Bladder Cancer And Risk Factors That Associates With It

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    Bladder cancer can be seen in many patients. The cancer is caused due to the unlimited growth of cells in the lining. The lining of the bladder iscalled urothelium. It is quite common in men and women, with men showing more cases. It usually occurs in the later years of life and the chances increase from the age of 50 and reach its peak at 80. Bladder cancer treatment is readily available in many states of India. If we talk specifically about Punjab, we have a very good urology center in moga

    According to DR.Kaura, a urologist,  cancer can be treated if detected early.

    Common Symptoms

    Presence of bladder cancer can be diagnosed by these symptoms-

    1. Presence of blood in the urine-This condition is called haematuria. It occurs due to the contact between the bladder growth and the urine. Usually, pain does not exist in such a condition.
    2. One may feel other symptoms like the tendency of frequent urination, pain during urination, burning while urination. If the condition worsens, then one may feel pain, loss of appetite and weight loss.

    Risk factors

    • Smoking-If you are in the habit of smoking pipes, cigars or cigarettes, then you are 3 times more likely to develop cancer. The toxic substances which collect in the urine come in contact with urothelium and cause the condition.
    • Occupational: People involved in an occupation which deal with rubber,  leather, paint, textiles, and printing are more susceptible to developing cancer and they constantly get exposed to various chemicals like petroleum and diesel fumes.

    Previous Cancer Treatments:

    Exposure to radiation during treatments can lead to cancer. Cyclophosphamide, a drug used in chemotherapy is known to cause bladder cancer.

    • Chronic bladder infections: If you are suffering from bladder infections, it can lead to the formation of cancer. Schistosomiasis. a parasitic infection of the bladder is a risk factor which is seen mainly in Africa and the Middle East. The occurrence of bladder stones, catheters, and chronic bladder irritation also leads to cancer.
    • Birth defects of the bladder: The bladder is connected to the umbilicus through a tissue called urachus. The cells at the time of birth are gradually replaced by fibrous tissue. If the process doesn’t happen and the cells remain there, it could turn cancerous.
    • Genetics and Family history: People who have a family history of bladder cancer stand a higher risk of developing bladder cancer. They may be getting exposed to the same cancer-causing agent. Lynch syndrome is associated with colon and uterus cancer. It also increases the risk of bladder cancer.

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