Urine contains different kinds of salts and minerals. When the urine has a high level of salt and mineral it can result in the formation of hard stone. The kidney stone can be of different color and type. Although sometimes they do not result in any symptom and the problem can be undiagnosed. Read the given topic to learn more.
Diagnosis of Kidney Stones
The silent kidney stones do not result in any symptom. The only way to diagnose the condition is by X-ray. In most cases, people have sudden pain when the stone is passing. In case, the condition of the stone is complex then imaging tests are done by the urologist. To check if there is an infection or not then the urine test is done.
In case, the condition is severe or the pain is not bearable then the doctor will recommend the treatment of kidney stone removal.
What is the treatment for kidney stones?
The treatment for kidney stones depends on the stone type, its location, size, and for how long you have the symptoms. Different treatment options are there. The best way is to talk with your health care provider and as per your condition he can choose the best
Foremost option is to let the stone pass on its own
In some cases, when the patient drinks more water the stone can pass through the urine. If the stone size is smaller than they are likely to pass on their own through urine.
If you have pain then the doctor will prescribe you the pain medications.
Some medications can be used to help the stone pass on its own. It includes Tamsulosin. These medications help to relax the ureter and it makes it easier for the stone to pass.
Is the option of surgery available?
The surgical procedure is there to remove the stone from the kidney or ureter when:
- The stone does not pass.
- The pain is getting in excess.
- The stone is affecting the functioning of the kidney.
Before the surgery, the doctor will do the imaging test to make sure that the stone has not moved from its position.
Surgical procedure to remove the stone
- Shock Wave Lithotripsy is used to treat stones in the ureter and kidney. The shock wave focuses on the stone with an X-ray or ultrasound so that the stone can be located. The shock wave breaks the stone in small pieces and within a few weeks, they can pass on its own.
- For the large stone, the Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is the ideal treatment option. The patient is given general anesthesia and the incision is made around half-inch in the side or back. The instrument is used to break the stone and take them out in pieces.
If you want more information, then schedule your appointment with our doctor as early as possible.