What is laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure which the medical expert uses to check the organs present inside the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery is much better and safer as compared to traditional surgical methods. It is also known as diagnostic laparoscopy. The procedure provides different benefits like:
- Low-risk and reduce complications
- Minimally invasive treatment
- Small incisions
What is a Laparoscope?
A laparoscope is an instrument used by the surgeon to have a proper view of the abdominal organs. It is a thin tube which has an HD camera and light attached to it. Through the incision, the doctor will look at the abdominal wall. As the surgeon moves it, the inside of the body will be seen on the video monitor. It discards the need to do open surgery and if needed, the doctor will take a biopsy sample also.
Why do doctors suggest laparoscopy procedures?
Well! There are a number of benefits and reasons doctors prefer this method. To check the reason for abdominal or pelvic pain, this procedure is helpful. Mostly, it is recommended by the surgeon when a non-invasive approach did not help with diagnosis. It is possible to use imaging techniques with this procedure like:
It uses high-frequency sound waves to have better images of the body.
- CT scan
CT scan is a special type of X-ray that takes cross-sectional body images.
- MRI scan
During MRI, radio waves and magnetic waves are used to have a better view of the body.
Although, these procedures might not give precise information in certain cases. This is where the doctor will perform a laparoscopic procedure.
What are the organs examined with laparoscopy?
- Small intestine and large intestine (colon)
- Pelvic or reproductive organs
By checking these areas, the doctor is able to check:
- Liver disease
- An abdominal mass or tumor
- The abdominal cavity contains fluid
- The effectiveness of certain treatments
- The degree to which particular cancer has progressed
As well, your doctor may be able to perform an intervention to treat your condition immediately after diagnosis.
Are there risks involved with laparoscopy?
Like with any surgical procedure there are certain risks and complications. Although these are rare, the doctor will enlighten you with these during consultation. The most common risk factors are infection, bleeding, and organ damage.
Just make sure that you have consulted the best surgeon to undergo the treatment and this will reduce the risk factor to a great extent.
Once you have undergone the surgery, it is important to be careful and look out for any sign of infection. In case, you notice the following symptoms, then consult the doctor right away:
- Fevers or chills
- Continuous nausea or vomiting
- Persistent cough
- Shortness of breath
- Inability to urinate
- Abdominal pain that becomes more intense over time
- Redness, swelling, bleeding, or drainage at the incision sites
How can I prepare for Laparoscopy?
Make sure that you tell the doctor if you are taking any medications as some of them might affect the laparoscopy outcomes. In case you are pregnant or think you might be, then you should not get the procedure as it affects the baby’s development.
At least 8 hours before the procedure, you need to avoid drinking and eating. After the surgery, ask someone to take you back to your place.
How is the procedure done?
It is an outpatient procedure, which means you can go back to your home on the same day. The doctor will administer general anesthesia and you will be asleep during the entire treatment.
The surgeon makes an incision below the belly button and then a cannula is inserted. Through this, Carbon dioxide is inflated into the abdomen which allows the surgeon to have a better view of the organs.
Mostly, the doctor makes 1 to 4 incisions which are around 1 to 2 centimeters in length. These are perfect to insert the necessary instruments. The doctor might take a tissue sample to check it for further evaluation. Once everything is done, the surgeon will remove the instruments, and incisions are closed with surgical tape.
How much time does the recovery take?
Following the procedure, your health will be looked upon closely. You will be discharged from the hospital, depending on different conditions like:
- Overall physical condition
- Anesthesia used
- Body reaction to the surgical treatment
Following the surgery, you need to visit the doctor for a follow-up appointment to ensure the recovery goes smoothly. You should do these things for smooth recovery:
- Wear loose-fitting clothes
- Get an adequate amount of sleep
- Get back to light activity regime
- Use throat lozenges in case you feel a sore throat