Appendicitis is a condition in which there is inflammation in the appendix. It may start as a mild pain which aggravates sharply. It might be felt on the middle or right side of the abdomen which shifts to the lower right side of the abdomen. The pain might be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, nausea, indigestion, and vomiting. Some people might report pain during urination and in the back area.
The Structure of Appendix
The appendix is a tubular structure connected to the large intestine which is located on the lower right side of the abdomen. Its length is between 2 and 4 inches. The space inside the appendix is called a lumen.
Various Conditions of the Appendix
The lumen can become blocked if feces manages to get inside it. This can cause inflammation in the appendix and lead to its rupture.
Abscess: A collection of pus may occur inside the appendix. It also leads to inflammation in the appendix.
Tumor: It is a rare condition, but it may be the cause of pain in the appendix.
Should you see a Doctor?
Severe pain in the appendix usually indicates appendicitis and should be treated as an emergency. It calls for surgery within 48 hours. Appendix treatment should be carried out as soon as possible.
A tumor doesn’t cause any symptoms until appendicitis develops.
On getting pain in the appendix, one should discuss the following symptoms with the doctor –
- Not being able to pass gas
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Presence of Fever
- Lack of appetite
Urologist in Moga suggests that appendectomy be carried out in case of appendicitis. Antibiotics may be given before the surgery to decrease the spread of infection. It is given because the rupture of the appendix might lead to spilling of the contents in the abdominal cavity, which becomes a life-threatening condition.
Certain cases may be solved just by administering antibiotics. It is seen in people with sudden appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy may also be carried out to remove the appendix. It requires three to four small incisions. It requires a 24-hour stay in the hospital after the surgery. The treatment is further continued for 3-5 days after the surgery in the form of antibiotics.
After the Surgery
The patient should finish the course of antibiotics that have been given to him. If the patient sees anything such as redness or oozing from the incisions, then he must contact the physician immediately. One should also not ignore symptoms such as fever, vomiting and abdominal tenderness as they might indicate the presence of some infection.
There is no sure shot way of preventing appendicitis. If we go by the result of some researches, a high fiber diet may be just what you need to lower the risk.