When the urine contains high levels of salt and minerals, kidney stones can form. The stones are painful and they are of different types. In some cases, the person may not have any symptoms. Read this guide to understand how the problem of kidney stones is diagnosed and treated.
Diagnosing the Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are also termed silent kidney stones that do not result in any symptom. The urologist will do an X-ray during the health examination. In most cases, the problem is diagnosed when there is a sudden pain.
If the kidney stone is present as a complex area, then the imaging test will be done. Along with that urinalysis i.e., the urine test is done to check for any type of infection.
Treatment of Kidney stone
Treatment depends on the kidney stone type, location, size, and how you have the symptoms. There are various treatment options. It is ideal to talk with your medical health care professional to know which option works best for you.
Wait for the kidney stone to pass on its own
Simply by drinking more water can help the kidney stone to pass from the urine. Smaller stones are likely to pass on their own as compared to the larger stones. If you have excess pain then the doctor will give you pain medication. In case, this is not happening then the doctor will recommend the option of kidney stone removal.
In some cases, the medications can increase the chances that the stone will pass. The most common medication which is prescribed by the doctor is Tamsulosin. The medication helps to relax the ureter and this makes it easier for the stone to pass.
The doctor will recommend the surgical procedure if:
- The stone does not pass.
- The pain is very severe so you cannot wait for the stone to pass.
- The stone is affecting kidney function.
Before the surgery, the doctor will do imaging tests to make sure that the stone has not moved from its position.
Types of surgery to remove the stone
- Shock wave Lithotripsy is used to treat stone in the ureter and kidney. The shock will focus on the stone and the ultrasound or X-ray is used to pinpoint the area of the stone. The waves will break the stone into small pieces and within a few weeks, the stone will pass from the urine.
- Ureteroscopy is used to treat stones in the ureter and kidney. A very small telescope named ureteroscope is passed into the bladder and then to the kidney. While cutting the stone, the ureteroscope will help the doctor to see the
- In rare cases, if another process does not work then laparoscopy is done.
For more information, you should schedule your appointment with the doctor today only!