Various research organizations have been engaged in expanding surgical procedures related to kidney diseases. Modern researchers are more inclined towards investing in minimally invasive procedures as these are comfortable for the patient. They are also effective in treating various ailments of the kidney like cysts, tumors, kidney stones, and stricture disease. Reconstruction of the urinary tract, anomalies and removal of (noncancerous) poorly functioning kidneys is also a major concern. Kidney stone removal also calls for the use of such procedures.
Minimally invasive procedures have brought a sort of revolution in the medical world. Naturally, the treatment of kidney disorders has also undergone a radical change. Unfortunately, not all patients are ideal candidates for these procedures. The ones who can avail of this facility enjoy a higher comfort level. They can expect less scarring, less discomfort, low level of pain, few days of pain killer prescription after recovery and a shorter stay at the hospital.
Types of minimally invasive procedures
There are four types of minimally invasive approaches:
It was developed with less scarring and quicker recovery in mind. It scores over the traditional approach as it causes less discomfort to the patient. It involves the use of many small puncture type holes in the abdomen. A tubular structure with a camera is inserted into the abdomen through one of these holes. The surgeon then inserts the instruments and operates using a video system. Laparoscopy surgery has become quite popular in modern times.
This procedure is similar to the Laparoscopic Procedure. The difference lies in the fact that this procedure uses robotic arms instead of the laparoscopic instruments. The robotic arms have the advantage of being able to move in directions which is impossible with standard laparoscopic instruments. All kidney procedures might not be possible with this technique but certain reconstructive procedures are possible to perform with this.
This procedure is distinct because it uses instruments differently. Surgical instruments are not used. Rather, the probes are passed into the kidney using x-ray (ultrasound, CT or fluoroscopy) guidance. The procedure does not require any major incision and a rapid recovery follows it.
This procedure makes the use of a scope through the urinary tract. It does not involve any puncturing in the skin. Scopes used in this procedure are quite small as compared to the scopes used in the percutaneous approach. The use of the normal passageway makes it an easier and non-invasive option.