Prostate Enlargement is a common problem encountered in the current times. Urologists around the world answer the common questions related to prostate.
Let us understand the finer points related to it –
- What is the size of a prostate?
The prostate is an organ which is as small as a walnut. It lies below the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra.
- What is a gland?
A gland is a group of cells which secretes a substance to be used in the body like the thyroid gland. It may also remove some material from the circulation like the lymph gland.
- What is the function of the prostate gland?
The prostate makes fluid which is responsible for the nourishment of the sperm. Its main function is to squeeze fluid into the urethra when the sperm moves during ejaculation. The fluid helps in making the semen which helps in enhancing the energy of the sperm and making the vaginal canal less acidic.
- At what age do the prostate problems occur?
Prostate problems usually occur in men over 50 years. According to urology center, the problems might begin in the 30s but start showing symptoms in 50s.
- How do I know if I have an enlarged prostate?
Prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes an increase in the size of the prostate gland. It compresses the urethra. This leads to obstruction in the flow of urine from the bladder to the outside as urethra carries it. This leads to urinary retention which increases the need to urinate frequently in the day and night. The patient may experience the urge to urinate frequently and urgently. He may also have a slow flow of the urine. It may also lead to UTI and total blockage of the urethra. If such a condition is experienced, it should be treated as an emergency as it can harm the kidneys.
- Is an enlarged prostate an indication of prostate cancer?
The fear that an enlarged prostate will lead to prostate cancer is completely unfounded. It is a completely benign condition. It does not lead to cancer in any way.
- What is Prostatitis?
Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate, which is caused by bacteria. This bacteria is at the same as the one which causes infections in the urinary bladder. E. coli, Klebsiella, and Proteus are the bacteria which are responsible for this condition. It may be acquired through sexual interaction. It causes fever, chills, and shivering. Painful and frequent urination is also seen in the patient.
- What is the effect of BPH on the bladder?
BPH strengthens the bladder and makes it thicker and over sensitive. It leads to sensitivity even when it contains only a small amount of urine.