Pelvic Floor Health: What is the importance of the pelvic floor after childbirth?

Pelvic Floor Health: What is the importance of the pelvic floor after childbirth?

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    Most of the patients who visit our IVF centre in Punjab are not familiar with pelvic floor health and what all they need to know about it. Whether you have conceived naturally or given birth through IVF treatment, you should get a proper understanding of it. If you would like to plan for fertility treatment, then consult the doctor about the Test tube baby cost. The initial cost is around Rs 60,000 and might vary depending on your condition.


    First, Let me share a Story with you

    My friend gave birth to her first child at the age of 38. No doubt, she was excited to welcome her little one. But, after childbirth, she had extreme back pain and her bladder control was not right. She was in excess pain while standing and it was difficult to lift her baby. But, as it was her first pregnancy she thought all this is completely normal and it will go away soon.

    When I met her she told me about her entire situation, as I also had given birth it was shocking to see her in such pain. Her condition was not normal at all and she was dealing with something.

    By consulting the doctor she got to know there was a problem with pelvic floor health which is particularly important. Here is the detailed information she got to know about pelvic floor health.

    What is the pelvic floor?

    The Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) are a collection of muscles attached with the public bone present at the front with the base as the spine at the back and from side to side. These muscles can move up and down. They provide the basic support to the bladder, rectum, and uterus & help in opening and closing the vagina, anus, and urethra. All these muscles can perform 5 main functions which are mentioned in the graphical representation given below.


    What changes the pelvic floor during pregnancy?

    During pregnancy, the body experiences different hormonal changes. In some cases, it can result in problem like:

    • Make the ligaments weak
    • Frequent urination
    • Constipation

    In addition, the pelvic floor muscles are put under extra pressure which can lead to incontinence or bladder leaks during pregnancy.


    What changes are noticed in the pelvic floor during childbirth?

    When a woman gives birth to a child, the muscles on the uterus will contract which pushes the baby’s head towards the cervix. As the baby reaches the vagina, the bones & ligaments move and they will stretch themselves. The cervix gets dilated and this allows the baby to travel through easily. Following birth, the uterus continues to contract and deliver the placenta.


    What are the symptoms of a weak pelvic floor?

    • Urinary incontinence, urgency, or increased frequency
    • Stool and gas incontinence
    • Pelvic organ prolapse, or the dropping of your organs through your vagina
    • Sexual dysfunction


    What are the symptoms of pelvic floor tension?

    • Constipation
    • Painful intercourse
    • Pelvic pain
    • Inability to empty your bladder completely
    • Painful urination


    Why is it important to pay attention to bladder leaks?

    LEAKING: Why does it happen?

    The pressure of carrying the baby for 9 months can lead to some urine leakage following childbirth. In some cases, it can occur for a short time. But, if it lasts for 3 months then it is not normal.


    • Why is it an issue?

    If the leakage gets in excess then there may be an issue with the pelvic floor muscles or support system.


    • Why do you need to get a doctor’s help?

    Even if the condition is mild, you need to consult the doctor right away. It is important to understand that with age muscles become weak and if you avoid the problem the things will get worse.


    Pain during Intercourse: Why does it occur?

    After childbirth, the body changes a lot and the hormones are fluctuating continuously which leads to vaginal dryness. Due to breastfeeding the estrogen level decreases and sometimes the tissue present in the vaginal area becomes weak which leads to pain during intercourse. In some cases, it can lead to scar tissue.


    • Why can it lead to a problem?

    Pain can be due to different reasons like muscle/nerve damage, vagina dryness, scarring, or pelvic floor injury. Make sure to not avoid this situation.


    • Why do you need to get a doctor’s assistance?

    Sexual intimacy is an important part of the relationship and if it is leading to pain, then make sure to consult the doctor.


    Urinary problem: Why does it occur?

    Following childbirth, it is common to experience urinary issues. In such cases, the muscles become weak and it can lead to other issues also.


    • Why is it an issue?

    Urinary issues only include more than just leakage. Sometimes we are not able to control the bladder, urgent need to go to the washroom, infection, bladder pain, or not being able to empty the bladder are leading to serious issues.


    • Why do you need to consult the doctor?

    Urinary problems affect women’s quality of life. Although, there are several treatment options available that can prevent the problem.


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