What is prostate cancer in males?
Prostate cancer as the name suggests occurs in the prostate. Prostate in the walnut-shaped gland produces seminal fluid. This fluid is used to transport the sperm and helps to get it the nourishment it needs.
Cancer term is an umbrella and one of them includes prostate cancer. Prostate cancer growth is slow and it is possible that they do not result in serious issues. In some cases, the prostate gland needs treatment right away, so that the condition does not get worse with time. This increases the chances of successful treatment.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Initially, prostate cancer does not result in major signs and symptoms. In case, the problem has reached the advanced stage, the patient is likely to notice symptoms like:
- Problem urinating
- Decreased urine flow
- Losing weight without trying
- Erectile dysfunction
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the semen
- Bone pain
In case, you notice the signs are persisting for a long time, then consult your health care provider without any delay.
What are the causes of prostate cancer in males?
Through studies or research, it is not clear what leads to this problem. Although, the problem is triggered when the prostate develops cells that change the DNA. The modifications result in cell division and growth which affect the normal cells. Due to this, the nearby tissues are also affected. Sometimes, they will break and spread other body parts.
What are the risk factors of prostate cancer?
Some of the common risk factors of prostate cancer are mentioned below:
- The increased risk at the age of 50
- Race (Black people are at increased risk)
- History with prostate cancer
What are the ways to prevent prostate cancer?
Here are some of the suggested ways through which the risk of prostate cancer can be reduced, which includes:
- Make sure you follow a healthy diet that includes vegetables and fruits
- Make sure to have healthy food through which vitamins are higher in the body.
- Make sure to follow a healthy workout regime
- Make sure to keep the body weight normal
- Consult the doctor to understand the risk
How is prostate cancer screening done?
Performing Digital rectal examination
Although, it is controversial to test healthy men which do not have symptoms. As the risk of prostate cancer is higher in men in their 50s, they need to get the screening. During the screening, the risk factors are understood in detail. Here are some of the test which is performed during prostate screening:
- Digital rectal exam (DRE)
Examine the prostate by inserting a lubricated finger. If there is a problem with the size, shape, or texture of the gland, additional tests are done.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
The doctor takes the blood sample to check the PSA which is found in the prostate gland. In case these are higher than normal then the patient might have prostate cancer, infection, enlargement, and inflammation.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
During screening tests, if any abnormality is found then further tests are done by the doctor to understand the root cause. The tests which are done are:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Collecting a sample of prostate tissue
How to determine whether cancer has spread?
Once the doctor diagnoses cancer, the doctor will determine what the cancer is. If it feels like, cancer has spread to other parts of the prostate, then the doctor can take help from the following imaging test:
- Bone scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
Keep in mind, your condition is different from others and so will the treatment plan. Prostate cancer ranges from Stage 1 to stage 4. Stage 4 means, cancer has spread to other body parts and treatment needs to be started without any delay.
What are the treatment options?
- Immediate treatment may not be necessary if it is low-grade
- Surgery for prostate cancer to remove the prostate gland
- Radiation therapy
- Permanent prostate brachytherapy
- Freezing or heating prostate tissue (prostate tissues are destroyed)
- Hormone therapy
- Targeted drug therapy
Proper treatment is available for prostate cancer, you just need to consult the doctor at the right time. Get your condition diagnosed and understand the extent of it. This will help your health care provider to give you the treatment approach which is best suited for your condition. Book your initial consultation, at the earliest with the medical expert.