What are the reasons for bladder leakage? How are they treated?

What are the reasons for bladder leakage? How are they treated?

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    Bladder leakage or incontinence problems are common once you have encountered menopause or perimenopause symptoms. But this problem is not going to live with you throughout your life.

    We all know the basic symptoms of menopause which are as follow:

    • Hot flashes
    • Mood swings
    • Night sweats

    But among these symptoms, there is one more symptom which women do not want to discuss owing to the embarrassment.

    So if for a long time you have not been able to discuss this problem with anyone, then today we have taken the initiative to discuss it with you. So are you ready then?


    The incontinence can be of the following types:

    Stress incontinence

    This is encountered when you are pressurizing the muscles of your bladder. This is the main reason that you experience leakage when you do the following actions:

    • Sneezing
    • Coughing
    • Laughing
    • Exercising

    Urge Incontinence

    When the bladder becomes overactive, then you can’t control your pee and feel the urge to urinate right away. When you are outside and are not able to find the bathroom, then it may result in incontinence.

    Important information

    If you experience the need to empty the bladder more than 2 times per night, then this condition is named nocturia.


    Menopause is that ageing change that takes place in the reproductive system. When this happens, the women will not encounter menstrual periods. When you are heading to menopause and have started noticing some signs, then that phase is described as the perimenopause period.

    One such change which is associated with menopause is the drop in estrogen levels. When this happens, then the bladder and the pelvic floor gets weak.

    Important information

    The estrogen levels are accountable for maintaining the elasticity of the vaginal tissues.

    When pelvic muscles get weak, they cannot dominate the bladder and thus the bladder leakage kike problems are experienced.

    Apart from menopause, bladder leakage can also be encountered if you are:

    • Pregnant
    • Suffering from some neurological condition
    • Taking any prescribed or non prescribed medications
    • Lifestyle

    Why is it important to treat urinary incontinence?

    It is important to take timely treatment for urinary incontinence. If this problem is not treated on time, then the following problem may be experienced:

    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Shame

    Bottom Line

    At our hospital, this issue is treated with a variety of treatment options like surgery, strengthening of the pelvic floor, hormonal therapy, medications, surgery and the pessary.

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