Kidney stones might exist in your body without you having any idea about it. The condition occurs more commonly in men. If one doesn’t take preventive measures, they can strike again in 10-15 years.
Although some alternative methods are there, stone removal surgery can be carried out if the alternatives don’t work. According to an urologist, there are ways of preventing the formation of kidney stones.
How are they formed?
The stones generally develop from oxalate, calcium and uric acid deposits which concentrate so much that they crystallize. The crystals grow in size forming stones. If we analyse them, we will find that 80 -85% of stones are composed of calcium. Some of them might be formed from uric acid. These stones usually form in people with low urine pH levels.
After forming in the kidneys, they get dislodged and pass to the ureter. The inconvenience caused by this is experienced in the form of pain. The pain may be felt on one side of the body too (between the stomach and the back). It may also result in bleeding during urination, vomiting, and nausea. When the stones pass down from the ureter to the bladder, they exert pressure on the bladder, pain in the groin area and tendency to frequent urination.
If you feel the above symptoms, it’s time to see your physician. He will determine if you have kidney stones using tests like abdominal x-ray, urinalysis, renal ultrasound, or CT scan. He will also determine the size and number of stones in the body. Kidney stone removal treatment methodology may be worked out after the diagnosis confirms the presence of stones.
Steps to prevent kidney stones
We can prevent the formation of kidney stones by taking care of small things such as –
Stay hydrated-People who drink a lot of water tend to produce 2-2.5 litres of urine every day. Such people are 50 % less likely to have kidney stones. So start guzzling about 8 to 10 glasses or 2 litres of water every day.
Exclude high-oxalate foods.
It’s better to exclude foods rich in oxalates such as spinach, beets, and almonds, as they raise oxalate levels in the body. Moderate amounts of low-oxalate foods, like and berries and chocolate are permitted.
Lime and lemony – A substance found in citric acid is known to bind with calcium thereby preventing the formation of stones. Drinking ½ cup of lemon juice diluted in water each day, or the juice of two lemons can reduce the chances of stone formation in the kidney.
Reduce the sodium in your diet.
If you are on a high sodium diet, it will tend to increase the amount of calcium in the urine. The recommended amount of sodium in your diet is 2300 mg. If you have a history of kidney stones, then you must reduce the amount to 1500mg daily.