What are ovarian cysts? What are the reasons, types and is it dangerous?

What are ovarian cysts? What are the reasons, types and is it dangerous?

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    What Are Ovarian Cysts?

    Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow on the top or inside the ovaries. Generally, it is referred to as a fluid-filled structure. Mostly, the problem is asymptomatic, but it might result in abdomen or pelvis pain. In case you notice unbearable pain then you should consult the best gynecologist in Punjab. This condition is not dangerous at all.


    What are the ovaries and what is their function?

    It is the reproductive organ that is located in the pelvis region. It is located on both sides of the uterus and its size is like a walnut. It helps in the production of eggs, estrogen, progesterone, and female hormones. It is even helpful in controlling sexual development. Also, it helps in regulating the pregnancy and menstrual cycle. In case, you are trying to conceive, make sure to talk to the health expert and visit the best IVF centre in Punjab.


    What are the reasons behind ovarian cysts?

    In some cases, the egg is not released at the time of ovulation, and this way it fills fluid inside the ovary. This is referred to as a follicular cyst. Functional ovarian cysts are referred to as the most common type. Some of the possible risk factors of ovarian cysts are:

    • History of previous ovarian cysts
    • Irregular menstrual cycles
    • Obesity
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Infertility
    • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
    • Endometriosis
    • Early menstruation (11 years or younger)
    • Tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer


    Types of Ovarian cysts

    Functional Ovarian Cysts

    It is divided into 2 types:

    • Follicle cysts

    It is the follicles that have failed to rupture and the presence of fluid is higher.

    • Corpus luteum cysts.

    In this case, the egg is not released, it is sealed up and the fluid contains swelling.

    If the bleeding is accompanied then in medical terms it is referred to as hemorrhagic cyst.


    Complex Ovarian Cysts

    Some types are linked with endometriosis, PCOS, and other problems. The problem is triggered when it is a large presence of small cysts.


    Ovarian Cysts During Pregnancy

    If you are pregnant and there is a presence of ovarian cysts then it is known as functional ovarian cysts. Its presence is likely to be noticed in the first trimester. Although, this condition is likely to be solved before your child is born.


    What Are Signs and Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?

    • Pain during intercourse or menstruation
    • Weight gain
    • Inability to empty the bladder completely
    • Breast pain
    • Abdominal fullness
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Unusual bleeding
    • Aching in the pelvic region, lower back, or thighs


    How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

    • Pelvic and Transvaginal Ultrasound
    • Laparoscopic Surgery
    • Serum CA-125 Assay
    • Check Hormone Levels
    • Culdocentesis (Check the reason for bleeding)


    How is it beneficial to undergo ovarian cyst surgery?

    If the problem continues to grow and is not solved or something unwanted is noticed through the ultrasound and symptoms are unusual, then the doctor suggests you get surgical removal.


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