What are the causes of the painful menstrual cycle? How do I treat it?

What are the causes of the painful menstrual cycle? How do I treat it?

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    Painful menstrual Cycle (Dysmenorrhea)

    The pain of any sort can be unbearable. But, experiencing it every month and having trouble managing it can be extremely difficult. Here we are pointing out the painful menstrual cramps. No doubt, some of the discomfort is normal but if the pain makes you miss your school, work, or any important stuff then you need medical help. In medical terms, it is also known as dysmenorrhea.

    In many cases, women have trouble conceiving as there are underlying causes of this condition. If that is what is happening to you then make sure to visit the best IVF Centre in Punjab. Gomti Thapar Hospital is one of the leading fertility centre where patients are given effective and modern treatment methods. Moreover, the test tube baby cost is extremely less in India, and on average an infertile couple needs to pay Rs 50,000. However, the cost might vary depending on what your condition is.

    What are the causes of painful menstrual cramps?

    Pointing out the main reason can be difficult. However, some people are at higher risk of getting painful periods and that is because of:

      • Age under 20
      • Not been pregnant, even once
      • Puberty before 11
      • Irregular menstrual cycle
      • Heavy bleeding during periods
      • Smoking
      • Family history of the condition

    Apart from these, there are underlying reasons for the painful menstrual cycle and these are mentioned below for your better understanding.

      • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

    PMS is a condition that occurs due to hormonal changes in the body 1 to 2 weeks before menstruation. Although, it goes away when the bleeding starts.

      • Endometriosis

    When the uterus lining starts growing on the other body parts like a fallopian tube, ovaries, or pelvis tissue lining.

      • Uterus fibroids

    Noncancerous tumor type puts pressure on the uterus and leads to pain & abnormal menstruation.

      • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

    PID is an infection that occurs in the ovaries, fallopian tube, or uterus. In most cases, it occurs due to STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease).

    How are painful menstrual cramps diagnosed?

    To rule out the reason for this condition, the doctor will ask you about your medical history and perform a physical examination. For this pelvic examination is done and any further abnormalities or problems are checked. To diagnose the underlying reason, the doctor will ask you to get the test like:

      • An ultrasound
      • A CT scan
      • An MRI

    What is the medical treatment for painful menstrual cramps?

    In some cases, the situation is extremely bad and the doctor will suggest that you get the medical treatment. Sometimes, there is an infection and for that, the doctor will prescribe you certain antibiotics which include the following:

      • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
      • Other pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or stronger medication to reduce the pain.
      • Antidepressants are prescribed to manage the mood swings

    In case of uterine fibroids or endometriosis, the doctor can ask you to get surgery specifically when other treatment options have not given you relief.

    At-home treatment to get relief from menstrual cramps

      • Use Heating pad
      • Abdomen massage
      • Eat nutritious meal
      • Practice yoga or any other relaxation method
      • Take Vitamin and other supplements

    Just make sure that you first consult the doctor and understand what is best for your condition. Do not try to self-medicate as it can make things worse.

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