What Is ICSI, How Does It Work, And Who Is The Right Candidate?

What Is ICSI, How Does It Work, And Who Is The Right Candidate?

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    It is essential for the sperm to attach to the outside of the egg before the sperm fertilizes the egg. After attachment, the sperm further begins its working by pushing through the outer layer to get inside the egg, also known as the Cytoplasm; this is where the whole fertilization takes place.

    There are times wherein the sperm is unable to penetrate the outer layer for a lot of reasons. Some of those reasons include a thicker outer layer of the eggs, or they might be hard to penetrate, and the other reason is that the sperm is unable to swim. In such a situation, the doctor suggests the patient undergo the ICSI treatment in Moga. The doctor can perform an Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) procedure and IVF In Vitro Fertilization to help fertilize eggs.

    In the process of ICSI, the IVF Doctor in Srinagar injects a single sperm directly into the cytoplasm of the egg. 

    How Does ICSI Work?

    The surgeon places around 50,000 or more sperm next to the egg in the petri dish in the traditional IVF method. The fertilization takes place when one of the sperm enters the egg’s cytoplasm. In the process of ICSI, the doctor uses a tiny needle, also known as a micropipette, to inject the single sperm right into the center of the egg. In both the technique tradition IVF or ICSI, after the fertilization takes place, the embryo, which is then fertilized egg, grows in the laboratory for at least 1 to 5 days. After that, the doctor transplants it back into the womb of the woman. Also, remember that the IVF cost and the cost of ICSI may differ. 

    Who Is The Right Candidate For ICSI?

    The doctor suggests ICSI to help overcome the cognition of fertility, including:

    • When the male partner cannot produce an adequate amount of sperm to complete the artificial Insemination such as IUI (intrauterine insemination) or IVF (In vitro fertilization).
    • When the sperm do not move in the usual way.
    • When the sperm may find it challenging to attach to the egg.
    • When there is a blockage in the male reproductive tract, which might keep the sperm from getting out.
    • No matter what the condition of the sperm is, the egg is unable to fertilize via the traditional IVF method.
    • When the patient uses In vitro matured eggs.
    • When the patient wants to use the previously frozen eggs. 

    Is ICSI Useful?

    ICSI almost fertilizes 50 to 80 % of the eggs. But there are specific problems that might occur at the time or after the ICSi issues:

    • There might be some or all eggs which are damaged.
    • Even after the doctor injects the sperm for fertilization, there are chances for the embryo not to grow.
    • The embryo itself might stop growing.

    A couple’s chances of having a single baby, twins, or triplets are equal to toe chances in IVF with or without ICSI. 


    I hope this blog might help you gather some details about ICSI. For more information, you can kindly contact Gomti Thapar Hospital.

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