What is an Endoscopy?
Endoscopy is a procedure which allows the surgeons to look inside the body using the equipment. The doctor is thus able to see the internal organs and blood vessels. Of course, a doctor can look at your internal organs without the help of instruments. Any problem in the internal organs needs deeper observation. One possible method is to make incisions and view the problem. But it is not a very practical solution. An endoscope helps in looking at the internal organs without cutting through. The endoscope is usually inserted through an opening or a cut. Usually, the doctor uses the mouth for the same. The structure of an endoscope is tubular, with a camera attached at one end so that the doctor can see inside. The doctor can also use forceps or scissors on the endoscope for operating or carrying out the removal of the tissue for biopsy.
What is the need for an Endoscopy?
As mentioned above, the instrument is helpful in the visual examination of an organ without making a large incision. Whatever can be seen through the endoscope can be viewed on the screen in the operating room. It is specifically required for –
- Diagnosing the case of any abnormal symptoms.
- Removing a small sample of tissue to be sent to the lab for biopsy. This process is called endoscopic biopsy.
- It helps the doctors in seeing the internal body parts when they are performing the operation of gall bladder removal, tumor removal or stomach ulcer repair. The surgery which is carried out with the help of an endoscope is called Endoscopic surgery.Endoscopic surgery in India is available at many clinics.
WHEN DO YOU NEED AN ENDOSCOPY?
The doctor will call for your endoscopy if you are suffering from symptoms which point towards –
IBD (inflammatory bowel disease like ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease)
- Ulcers in the stomach
- Constipation which has become chronic
- Blockage of the esophagus
- Bleeding in the digestive tract
- Hiatal hernia
- Vaginal bleeding
The doctor is likely to performa physical examination and may order some blood tests before endoscopy. Through the blood test, the doctor tries to determine the possible cause of the symptoms. It will also help in determining if the treatment can be carried out without endoscopy surgery.
PREPARATION FOR ENDOSCOPY
The doctor will advise you to stop taking solid foods 12 hours before the procedure. Clear liquids like juice or water can be ingested up to two hours before the procedure.You may also be given laxatives or enema the night before to clear the system. This is commonly carried out in procedures connected to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the anus.The doctor will examine you physically and take a review of your complete medical history, including your previous surgeries.You should also brief the doctor about any medicines that you are taking, including supplements and over the counter medicines. You must also let the doctor know about any allergies that you have. You will be required to stop taking medications which influence bleeding, such as anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs.After the process, you may require the assistance of someone as you might not be able to drive due to the effect of anesthesia.