ICSI with TESA / TESE / PESA
IVF is a technology which offers hope for childless couples who have tried everything under the sun to become parents. The process involves the extraction of the eggs from the woman’s body and the sperms from the man’s body and fusing them together in the lab. The process is carried out after monitoring the health of both the partners. After carrying out various tests and studying the ovulation cycle of the woman, the process of fusion is carried out. If the fertilization takes place according to the plans, the embryo is transferred back to the woman’s body. After successful implantation and pregnancy , the baby is born. IVF scores as one of the best infertility treatment across the world. New methods of treatment include ICSI treatment along with the IVF cycle to promote chances of success.
Indications for IVF
IVF is recommended when the couple fails to conceive with other methods like IUI. IVF is the only process which can help the couple conceive a child if the problem lies in the fallopian tubes.
Fallopian Tube Damage / Tubal factor
Tubes might show scarring or blockage.If that is the case, then pregnancy is possible by bypassing its role. A perfect looking healthy fallopian tube in the laparoscopy or hysterosalpingogram may not present a very conducive atmosphere for the fusion of sperms and the egg. This might be the case if the tubes have an infection.
There are some patients who require gonadotropin therapy for rectifying their ovulation cycle effectively.
Male factor infertility
The male partner might not be able to impregnate his partner due to some problem in his sperm. Poor motility, abnormal shape, and low sperm count may be the cause of the problem. This problem can be solved by using the ICSI technique with IVF. The technique is better known as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. It has proven to be boon to the couples which have male infertility issues. It has brought a ray of hope for people who have failed to become parents due to low sperm count. ICSI works for nearly all other male fertility issues like problems with the DNA of the sperm or the fragmentation of the sperm.
It is a common condition in women which causes a lot of fertility problems in them. IVF provides an effective solution for women with fertility issues.
There are couples who have cleared all the tests but yet are unable to conceive. Such couples are placed under the category of unexplained infertility. 20 % of couples suffer from it. It signifies that the reasons may exist but they are out of the scope of modern day science to diagnose it.IVF proves to be successful in couples with such issues also.
However healthy or young the woman might appear to be, her ovarian reserve starts diminishing with age. The quality and the quantity of eggs that she produces starts deteriorating as she ages. The same happens with male counterparts as well. With the increase in age and exposure to pollutants, the sperms produced by the man may not be able to fertilize the egg. Various techniques like ICSI, IMSI and Laser Assisted Hatching, PGD can be used with IVF to deal with such cases.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
It is recommended for patients who face the risk of genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis, thalassemia or breast cancer. It is also used for patients with infertility related chromosomal abnormalities which cause recurrent IVF failure or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL)
Third party donor
Sometime the couple may require third-party donors for the female or the male. Egg or sperm donation is quite common for couples with fertility problems. The egg donor may be used if the woman fails to produce an egg of good quality. The same goes for males with poor sperm quality.
If the problem lies with the uterus if the woman, the couple can opt for a donor uterus in the form of a surrogate mother.