Kidney Stones Treatment, Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis in India
Kidney stones are medically known as renal Lithiasis. These are hard deposits which form inside the kidneys. The reason for the formation of kidney stones is the crystallization of minerals when the urine becomes concentrated. The stones are nothing but deposits of mineral and acid salts. They can be found in any part of the urinary tract which includes the kidneys and the bladder. The facility of Kidney Stones removal is available at many clinics.
Kidney stones can cause a lot of pain, especially the process of passing them. The treatment you require depends on the condition. If the condition is severe, you may require surgery. If the symptoms are not so severe it may only require drinking lots of water. Kidney stones don’t cause any permanent damage. Preventive treatment may be recommended by the doctor in case you are at risk of recurrent stones. Kidney Stones treatment is done at a various clinic in India.
A kidney stone generally doesn’t show any symptoms until it starts moving. It may cause a movement within the kidney or ureter (the connecting tube between the kidney and the bladder. Due to the movement, the following symptoms may occur-
- Pain in the side and back and below the ribs
- Pain in the lower abdomen and groin
- Fluctuating pain
- Pain while urinating
- Foul smell from the urine
- Change in color of the urine –pink, brown or red color.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Increased frequency of urination
- Feeling a persistent urge to urinate
- Feeling of fever and chills due to infection
The pain may shift to a different location or show a different intensity as the stone moves through the urinary tract.
The condition needs medical intervention when you experience symptoms such as –
- Severe pain which prevents you from sitting still
- Pain which is accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills which occur with pain
- Difficulty in passing the urine
- Passing blood in the urine
While small kidney stones don’t cause any problem and can be treated by a general physician, large kidney stones require attention as they can cause severe pain and problems in the urinary tract. A person with large kidney stones should contact an urologist for his treatment. It is a good idea to go prepared with a set of questions so that you can efficiently use the limited time of interaction you have with the doctor.Kidney Stones removal in India can be carried out at any clinic without any problem.
MAKE A LIST OF QUERIES YOU HAVE FOR THE DOCTOR.
The basic questions which one should ask include-
- Is there a kidney stone in my body?
- If so, what is the size?
- Where is it located?
- What is the type of stone?
- Will medicine be enough for the treatment?
- Do I need to undergo surgery for it?
- Are there any chances of developing another kidney stone?
Small stones with minimal symptoms can be cleared with drinking water and using pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to block out the pain. Medicines like alpha blockers may also be used to help pass the kidney stone quickly and painlessly.
BEFORE THE APPOINTMENT
- Ask if you are required to follow special advice before appointment like restricting your diet.
- Make a summary of your symptoms, even if they seem unrelated to kidney stones.
- Make a list of all the medications and vitamin supplements you take.
- It is useful to take along a family member or a friend.He may take note of some information which you might miss out on.
Large stones with symptoms
Large stones can’t pass through the system and can cause bleeding or pain. They usually require surgery for treatment.
Use of sound waves
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is a technique which uses sound waves to create vibrations which break the stones into tiny pieces, which can be passed with the urine. The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia and it lasts for 45 minutes to an hour. It causes pain at a moderate level. Another effect it can have is bleeding in the urine, bleeding in the kidney and adjacent organs and bruising on the back as the stones try to pass through the urinary tract.
Percutaneousnephrolithotomy involves removal of stones using small telescopes which are inserted through a small cut on the back area. The surgery requires the use of general anesthesia and it takes around two to three days to recover. This surgery is suggested if SWL is unsuccessful or the stone is large in size.
Use of scope
In this method, the doctor uses a device called ureteroscope to locate the stone. The ureteroscope is a tubular structure fitted with a camera at one end. The device can break the stone into pieces after locating it. The doctor may place a stent in the ureter to heal swelling. General or local anesthesia might be required for the same.
Parathyroid gland surgery
- Calcium stones are formed due to hyperactivity of parathyroid glands
- The condition may occur due to a tumor in the gland. Removal of tumor from the gland will ensure proper activity and prevention of formation of kidney stone.
- If any other condition is causing the hyperactivity of the hormone, the doctor will recommend a suitable treatment for it.