Laparoscopic Surgery for Hernia

Hernia Repair Surgery

A hernia is a condition in which an organ shows an abnormal exit through the wall of the cavity in which it is situated. It happens mostly in the abdomen area. The condition is usually rectified using surgery. The surgery for treat Hernia treatment may be of three types –

  1.  Open surgery
  2.  Laparoscopic surgery
  3.  Robotic surgery

Open hernia repair surgery

It uses the conventional method of opening the skin and operating on the affected area. Once the sack containing the bulging intestine is located, the surgeon pushes it back into the abdomen. He further strengthens the wall with a synthetic mesh and stitches. Usually, the patient can be discharged after a few hours. He or she needs to stay away from strenuous activity and vigorous exercise for a period of 4-6 weeks. It is maximally invasive and gives the most trauma to the patient.

LAPAROSCOPIC HERNIA REPAIR SURGERY

  • This surgery uses the laparoscope for the surgery. A laparoscope is a thin tubular structure which is used to conduct surgeries with minimal invasion. It involves the insertion of the laparoscope through the incision just below the navel. The surgery requires the use of general anesthesia. It is thus necessary for the surgeon to assess the general health of the patient. The patients’ medical history, ECG and physical examination should be carried out before the surgery to avoid any complications later on.
  • This surgery is a good option as it gives minimum trauma to the patient. The laparoscope helps the doctor get an internal view of the body which is displayed on a big screen in the surgery room.
  • At the start of the hernia surgery, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to help the doctor in viewing the internal structure of the body.
  • The surgeon then proceeds to cut the peritoneum, which is the inner lining of the abdomen.
  • After the cut, he can see the area where the weakness lies.
  • The abdominal wall is repaired by covering the defects and placing a mesh to strengthen the wall.
  • After the procedure, the incisions are closed using stitches or surgical tape. The stitches fade way after healing.

This kind of surgery has quite a few benefits –

  • Many tiny incisions instead of one big incision.
  • Less pain post-surgery
  • Short recovery period
  • The patient can resume his daily routine quite early

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Robotic hernia repair surgery

The surgery, as the name suggests is carried out using laparoscope but the surgeon handles all the proceedings using a console. The surgeon, instead of directly dealing with the surgery manipulates the instruments through the console. The surgery was used for small hernia in the past but nowadays it has become common in the reconstruction of the abdominal wall as well. The robotic surgery offers excellent three-dimensional images of the internal organs and makes it easy for the surgeon to sew the tissue and mesh inside the organ. This kind of surgery also makes it less traumatic for the patient as the incisions are smaller and the recovery time is faster.

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