wHAT is Donor Program?
Infertility may be due to failure of the reproductive system to create suitable conditions for the egg to be fertilized. The male or the female or both could have problems in their reproductive system. When infertile couples approach the medical authorities for help, they may need the help of donors as well. The need may arise if their problems can’t be rectified by the use of medicines or surgery. It is a blessing that so many donors programs are running for the benefit of such couples. Even IVF treatment in some cases needs donation. According to ivf centre, the need for egg donation or sperm donation could arise according to the circumstances. Egg or sperm donation is readily arranged by the fertility centers.
Prior to the sperm donation, the donor undergoes various medical and genetic tests which determine the physical and, biological quality of the sperms. The donor sperm is used in various techniques such as IUI, and IVF with ICSI. The age of the donor is also considered before the process of donation. The ideal age is considered between 21 and 45. The procedure of sperm donation starts with the meeting of the donor with the fertility experts who assess the donor by asking about his medical history. The donor then proceeds to be made aware of the ethical , social legal implications of the donation. After going through the personal profile, medical history and signing the consent form, the donor is encouraged to be comfortable about the process. After this, the analysis of the semen and the blood is done to rule out the presence of infection or genetic problems. Once the sperm sample is collected, it is quarantined for a period of six months , again followed by a blood test. The donor can now be officially used for sperm donation.
Egg donation services are available for women who have a problem with their eggs. Usually, the donor and recipient are known to each other. The ideal donors are taken from the age group of 23-33 years. They are also tested for the presence of medical or genetic conditions. The egg donor undergoes the IVF cycle to supply the collection of eggs. The embryos are then created with the partner’s sperm. After this , the embryo is transferred into the woman’s uterus.
On more facility which the medical science has provided is the embryo donor. We already know that the surplus good quality embryos can be frozen for future use or donation purpose.
Embryo donors are available for assisting the childless couples. The frozen embryo is thawed and transferred to the uterus of the woman according to a favorable time of her ovulation cycle.
Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproductive technology in which a woman carries a baby for someone else and returns the baby to the parents after it is born. It is a complex process with psychiatric and legal dimensions. It needs to be carried out after extensive counseling and handling the psychological angle. In this case, the embryo is created using the egg and the sperm of the partners and transferring into the surrogate’s uterus. As the eggs of the surrogate are not used in this process, the surrogate mother has no genetic link with the child.
A surrogate mother usually needs to be older than 25 and younger than 52 years of age. .She must have given birth to a child before.
She must not have any history of illness or complication related to pregnancy.