Reproductive Surgery in Women
There are women who have a problem in conceiving due to faults in their reproductive system. It may be due to some birth defect like the anomaly in the uterus and the complete absence of the vagina. It may also be due to some acquired conditions like endometriosis, fibroid s or polyps. In such cases, the woman may need corrective surgery. Surgeries which are aimed at correcting the problems with the reproductive system are called reproductive surgeries. Reproductive Surgery in Women is essential to carry out before opting for assisted reproductive treatment such as IVF. It is crucial in detecting the problems which may be causing infertility.
Hysteroscopy is a process in which a tubular structure is inserted into the uterine cavity. This allows the surgeon to look deeply inside the uterine cavity and determine the existence of certain conditions like uterine septum, scar tissue, polyps or fibroids. It allows the doctor to determine and resolve the anatomical problems which might be causing infertility.
Laparoscopy gives the facility of allowing the doctors to view the pelvic organs and assessing their health. In this procedure, a tubular structure is inserted into the body through the navel of the patient.It helps the doctor in viewing the internal condition of the pelvic organs and determining if endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts or exist. It also helps in determining if there is scarring of the tissue or Fallopian tubes. The benefit of this type of treatment is that the condition may be resolved alongside the diagnosis. It is a minimally invasive method which causes the least trauma to the patient.
In this case, an incision is made in the abdomen and the doctor can access the abdominal and pelvic cavities. This procedure requires a big incision and may need a longer time to heal. But it is possible to do the same procedure through mini-laparotomy. This procedure involves making a small incision and causes much less discomfort to the patient. Laparotomy lets the surgeon view the existence of pelvic problems like ovarian cysts, ruptured ectopic pregnancy, uncontrolled hemorrhage, and uterine fibroids. The doctor can discuss the results of a Laparotomy before a planned surgery in order to apprise the patient of the risks and benefits associated with the procedure. It is highly recommended before opting for major surgery as it is helpful in arriving at a decision regarding the treatment.