Prostate Enlargement

What is Prostate Enlargement?

Ever thought that why you are getting up more often in the middle of the night to urinate? If the frequency has increased and bothers you at night, it could be a sign of an enlarged Prostate. Just review your symptoms carefully to analyze if you suffer from the other symptoms as well-

Trouble in starting the stream of urine, The problem of leakage of urine, The problem of dribbling of urine.The frequent visits to the bathroom slowly get more frequent and the same pattern starts showing up during the daytime. If the condition is left untreated, it could lead to an inability to hold urine even for a few minutes and lead to embarrassing situations. The condition sets in with advancing age and half of the men over 60 suffer from it. The condition is seen in 80 % men by the age of 85. It is also known as BPH.Enlarged Prostate treatment in Moga can be availed at many clinics.

CONTENTS

Symptoms and Causes

In the male urinary system, the urine flows from the bladder to the urethra. Enlargement of prostate blocks the flow of urine through the urethra. The enlargement puts pressure on the urethra. This leads to narrowing of the urethra. It leads to the bladder contracting more forcefully to expel the urine. The bladder muscle becomes thick and overly sensitive. It shows the effect when small amounts of urine are present and the bladder begins to contract even with the small amount. It leads to the urge to urinate frequently. The bladder muscle is incapable of overcoming the effect of the narrow urethra which leads to urine staying in the bladder, thus bladder never becomes completely empty.

The usual symptoms include-

  1. Weak urinary system
  2. Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  3. A problem in starting the urinating  process
  4. Increase in frequency of urination
  5. High urgency  to urinate
  6. Dribbling  of urine
  7. Strain in urinating
  8. Frequent urination at night

TREATMENT OF PROSTATE

The treatment of the prostate should be done as early as possible as it may lead to urinary tract infections. It may also lead to other severe problems like bladder stones, incontinence, blood in the urine and inability to urinate. It can also lead to kidney damage in rare cases. If one experiences a sudden and complete inability to urinate, one should urgently show himself to a doctor.Enlarged Prostate treatment in Punjab is readily available at various cities.

Medication

Drugs like Flomax and Uroxatral work in this condition. Alpha Blockers are also an effective option.

Alpha-blockers don’t exactly treat the condition but relax the muscles around the neck of the bladder to enable stable urine flow. This leads to relief in symptoms. They are effective in solving the problem of normal to moderate enlargement. They might not prove beneficial in a case with significant urine retention and urinary tract infections.

5-Alpha-reductase inhibitors: These work by reducing the DHT hormone which leads to shrinkage of prostate. Proscar and Adovart belong to this category of medicines.

Surgeries For Prostate

Open Prostate Surgery (Prostatectomy): It is performed if the urethra is greatly enlarged, the bladder has been damaged or there are stones in the bladder. In this surgery, the inner part of the prostate is removed. General or spinal anesthesia may be used.

TURP (transurethral resection of the prostate)

It is the most commonly used surgery for Prostate. It involves the removal of tissue growth which is pressing against the urethra. It takes less healing time than open surgery and results in less trauma for the patient.

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Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP)

It bears similarity to TURP but uses a high laser beam to remove the parts of prostate that block the urethra. HoLEP is known to be as effective as TURP.

  • Other treatment suggestion of prostate –
  • Transurethral vaporization of the prostate
  • Greenlight laser surgery
  • Prostatic urethral lift
  • Bladder neck incision
  • Open simple prostatectomy
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